Hemorrhoids are swollen veins in the lower rectum and anus. They are painful, may bleed, and may itch. There are a number of over-the-counter ointments, salves, and wipes that can be used to reduce the symptoms of hemorrhoids. They are a good option if you know the problem is only temporary, such as during or after pregnancy. However, if you are not sure what is causing them, or they are a chronic problem, you should consider having them surgically removed. Here are a couple of hemorrhoidectomy options.
The most common type of hemorrhoidectomy surgical procedure involves removing the swollen veins in the area. The surgeon will make a number of cuts into the anus to get rid of them. The doctor may use a general anesthetic; numbing the anal area, leaving you awake throughout the procedure. However, you may ask to be given a general anesthetic, so you sleep through the entire treatment.
This type of hemorrhoidectomy will usually require stitches to close up the cuts. The area will be sensitive and painful afterward. Your doctor will prescribe some type of pain relief to help you until you heal, which takes anywhere from 2 to 6 weeks. You may also want to use a stool softener during this time. However, you should be able to perform most of your normal daily activities.
Procedure for Prolapsed Hemorrhoids
If the hemorrhoids are due to veins that are no longer held in place and have fallen outside the anus, the doctor may suggest the procedure for prolapsed hemorrhoids. Instead of surgically removing the offending veins, the doctor puts staples in them to stop the blood from flowing there. This will cause the areas with no blood flow to die and fall off.
The veins that have prolapsed will have less nerve endings in them so there will not be as much pain after the procedure. You will heal faster and be more comfortable while doing so. Soaking in warm baths will help with any itching and pain.
Whether your hemorrhoids are internal or external, they can make sitting almost unbearable. They can also make you dread going to the bathroom. If you suffer from them regularly, talk with your doctor about having them removed. You may be referred to a proctologist who will discuss the options available for your situation. Either procedure can be done on an outpatient basis, so you will be home and feeling better quickly.